注册 登录
  • 欢迎访问开心洋葱网站,在线教程,推荐使用最新版火狐浏览器和Chrome浏览器访问本网站,欢迎加入开心洋葱 QQ群
  • 为方便开心用户,开心洋葱官网已经开启复制功能!
  • 欢迎访问开心洋葱网站,手机也能访问哦~欢迎加入开心洋葱多维思维学习平台 QQ群
  • 如果您觉得本站非常有看点,那么赶紧使用Ctrl+D 收藏开心洋葱吧~~~~~~~~~~~~~!
  • 由于近期流量激增,小站的ECS没能经的起亲们的访问,本站依然没有盈利,如果各位看如果觉着文字不错,还请看官给小站打个赏~~~~~~~~~~~~~!

linux mount挂接新硬盘/光盘/U盘/移动硬盘/ISO并加载使用手记

Linux 开心洋葱 2119次浏览 已收录 0个评论 手机上查看
文章索引目录
[隐藏]

1.linux mount挂接新硬盘/光盘/U盘/移动硬盘/ISO并加载使用手记

一、过程步骤
1、#kudzu //检测新硬件,这一步必须!
2、#fdisk -l //查看是否找到新的硬盘,查看硬盘代号。
3、#fdisk /dev/sdb //为新硬盘分区,例如分成sdb1

2.mkfs.ext3 /dev/sdb1 //把新硬盘格式化成ext3格式

4、#mkdir /disk2 //创建新的挂载点
5、#mount /dev/sdb1 /disk2/ //手动挂载分区,把硬盘挂到/disk2目录下。
6、#vi /etc/fstab
/dev/sdb1 /disk2 ext3 auto 1 2 //设置为开机自动挂载分区。
二.详细过程
2、
查看硬盘代号
[[email protected] ~]# fdisk -l
Disk /dev/sda: 10.7 GB, 10737418240 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 1305 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 512 = 8225280 bytes
Disk identifier: 0×0007d856
Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sda1
1 25 200781 83 Linux
/dev/sda2 26 1305 10281600 8e Linux LVM
Disk /dev/sdb: 2147 MB, 2147483648 bytes <=新硬盘
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 261 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 512 = 8225280 bytes
Disk identifier: 0×00000000
Disk /dev/sdb doesn’t contain a valid partition table
Disk /dev/dm-0: 9395 MB, 9395240960 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 1142 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065
512 = 8225280 bytes
Disk identifier: 0×00000000
Disk /dev/dm-0 doesn’t contain a valid partition table
Disk /dev/dm-1: 1073 MB, 1073741824 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 130 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 512 = 8225280 bytes
Disk identifier: 0×30307800
Disk /dev/dm-1 doesn’t contain a valid partition table
3、fdisk 分区
[[email protected] ~]# fdisk /dev/sdb
Device contains neither a valid DOS partition table, nor Sun, SGI or OSF disklabel
Building a new DOS disklabel with disk identifier 0×623223a1.
Changes will remain in memory only, until you decide to write them.
After that, of course, the previous content won’t be recoverable.
Warning: invalid flag 0×0000 of partition table 4 will be corrected by w(rite)
Command (m for help): p <=显示信息
Disk /dev/sdb: 2147 MB, 2147483648 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 261 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065
512 = 8225280 bytes
Disk identifier: 0×623223a1
Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
Command (m for help): n <=新建分区
Command action
e extended
p primary partition (1-4)
p <=新建主分区
Partition number (1-4): 1 <=分区号为1,即/dev/sdb1
First cylinder (1-261, default 1):
Using default value 1
Last cylinder or +size or +sizeM or +sizeK (1-261, default 261):
Using default value 261
Command (m for help): p <=显示分区信息
Disk /dev/sdb: 2147 MB, 2147483648 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 261 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 512 = 8225280 bytes
Disk identifier: 0×623223a1
Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sdb1 1 261 2096451 83 Linux
Command (m for help): w <=保存退出
The partition table has been altered!
Calling ioctl() to re-read partition table.
Syncing disks.
4、创建挂载点
[[email protected] ~]# mkdir /disk2
[[email protected] ~]# fdisk -l
Disk /dev/sda: 10.7 GB, 10737418240 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 1305 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065
512 = 8225280 bytes
Disk identifier: 0×0007d856
Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sda1 1 25 200781 83 Linux
/dev/sda2 26 1305 10281600 8e Linux LVM
Disk /dev/sdb: 2147 MB, 2147483648 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 261 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065
512 = 8225280 bytes
Disk identifier: 0×623223a1
Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System
/dev/sdb1 1 261 2096451 83 Linux
Disk /dev/dm-0: 9395 MB, 9395240960 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 1142 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 512 = 8225280 bytes
Disk identifier: 0×00000000
Disk /dev/dm-0 doesn’t contain a valid partition table
Disk /dev/dm-1: 1073 MB, 1073741824 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 130 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065
512 = 8225280 bytes
Disk identifier: 0×30307800
Disk /dev/dm-1 doesn’t contain a valid partition table
[roo[email protected] ~]# mke2fs -j /dev/sdb1
mke2fs 1.40.2 (12-Jul-2007)
Filesystem label=
OS type: Linux
Block size=4096 (log=2)
Fragment size=4096 (log=2)
262144 inodes, 524112 blocks
26205 blocks (5.00%) reserved for the super user
First data block=0
Maximum filesystem blocks=536870912
16 block groups
32768 blocks per group, 32768 fragments per group
16384 inodes per group
Superblock backups stored on blocks:
32768, 98304, 163840, 229376, 294912
Writing inode tables: done
Creating journal (8192 blocks): done
Writing superblocks and filesystem accounting information: done
This filesystem will be automatically checked every 36 mounts or
180 days, whichever comes first. Use tune2fs -c or -i to override.

5、设置为开机自动挂载分区
[[email protected] ~]# vi /etc/fstab
/dev/sdb1 /disk2 ext3 auto 1 2
6、手动挂载分区
[[email protected] ~]# mount /dev/sdb1 /disk2

补充说明:

1/ windows 共享挂接

mount -t smbfs -o username=administrator,password=pldy123 //10.140.133.23/c$ /mnt/samba

2/ 挂接U盘

mount -t vfat /dev/sdd1 /mnt/usb

3/ 挂接移动硬盘

mount -t ntfs -o iocharset=cp936 /dev/sdc1 /mnt/usbhd1

-o iocharset=cp936 如果不乱码可以不加

4/ 从光盘制作光盘镜像文件

3.cp /dev/cdrom /home/sunky/mydisk.iso 或

4.dd if=/dev/cdrom of=/home/sunky/mydisk.iso

5/ 将文件和目录制作成光盘镜像文件

mkisofs -r -J -V mydisk -o /home/sunky/mydisk.iso /home/sunky/mydir
注:这条命令将/home/sunky/mydir目录下所有的目录和文件制作成光盘镜像文件/home/sunky/mydisk.iso,光盘卷标为:mydisk

6/ 挂接光盘文件
mount -o loop -t iso9660 /home/sunky/mydisk.iso /mnt/vcdrom


开心洋葱 , 版权所有丨如未注明 , 均为原创丨未经授权请勿修改 , 转载请注明linux mount挂接新硬盘/光盘/U盘/移动硬盘/ISO并加载使用手记
喜欢 (0)
[开心洋葱]
分享 (0)
关于作者:
开心洋葱,开心洋葱头,水墨

您必须 登录 才能发表评论!

……
加载中……