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Python获取CPU使用率、内存使用率、网络使用状态

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Python获取CPU使用率、内存使用率、网络使用状态
注:需要安装psutil库

#!/usr/bin/env python
#
# $Id: iotop.py 1160 2011-10-14 18:50:36Z [email protected] $
#
# Copyright (c) 2009, Jay Loden, Giampaolo Rodola'. All rights reserved.
# Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
# found in the LICENSE file.
# Transplant to NT system by hui.wang, 2012-11-28
# Add function of get cpu state and get memory state by hui.wang,2012-11-29
"""
Shows real-time network statistics.
Author: Giampaolo Rodola' <[email protected]>
"""
import sys
import os
import atexit
import time
import psutil
print "Welcome,current system is",os.name," 3 seconds late start to get data..."
time.sleep(3)

line_num = 1
def print_line(str):
    print str

#function of Get CPU State
def getCPUstate(interval=1):
    return (" CPU: " + str(psutil.cpu_percent(interval)) + "%")
#function of Get Memory
def getMemorystate():
    phymem = psutil.phymem_usage()
    buffers = getattr(psutil, 'phymem_buffers', lambda: 0)()
    cached = getattr(psutil, 'cached_phymem', lambda: 0)()
    used = phymem.total - (phymem.free + buffers + cached)
    line = " Memory: %5s%% %6s/%s" % (
        phymem.percent,
        str(int(used / 1024 / 1024)) + "M",
        str(int(phymem.total / 1024 / 1024)) + "M"
    )   
    return line
def bytes2human(n):
    """
    >>> bytes2human(10000)
    '9.8 K'
    >>> bytes2human(100001221)
    '95.4 M'
    """
    symbols = ('K', 'M', 'G', 'T', 'P', 'E', 'Z', 'Y')
    prefix = {}
    for i, s in enumerate(symbols):
        prefix[s] = 1 << (i+1)*10     for s in reversed(symbols):         if n >= prefix[s]:
            value = float(n) / prefix[s]
            return '%.2f %s' % (value, s)
    return '%.2f B' % (n)
def poll(interval):
    """Retrieve raw stats within an interval window."""
    tot_before = psutil.network_io_counters()
    pnic_before = psutil.network_io_counters(pernic=True)
    # sleep some time
    time.sleep(interval)
    tot_after = psutil.network_io_counters()
    pnic_after = psutil.network_io_counters(pernic=True)
    # get cpu state
    cpu_state = getCPUstate(interval)
    # get memory
    memory_state = getMemorystate()
    return (tot_before, tot_after, pnic_before, pnic_after,cpu_state,memory_state)
def refresh_window(tot_before, tot_after, pnic_before, pnic_after,cpu_state,memory_state):
    os.system("cls")
    """Print stats on screen."""
    #print current time #cpu state #memory
    print_line(time.asctime()+" | "+cpu_state+" | "+memory_state)
    
    # totals
    print_line(" NetStates:")
    print_line("total bytes:           sent: %-10s   received: %s" \
          % (bytes2human(tot_after.bytes_sent),
             bytes2human(tot_after.bytes_recv))
    )
    print_line("total packets:         sent: %-10s   received: %s" \
          % (tot_after.packets_sent, tot_after.packets_recv)
    )
    # per-network interface details: let's sort network interfaces so
    # that the ones which generated more traffic are shown first
    print_line("")
    nic_names = pnic_after.keys()
    nic_names.sort(key=lambda x: sum(pnic_after[x]), reverse=True)
    for name in nic_names:
        stats_before = pnic_before[name]
        stats_after = pnic_after[name]
        templ = "%-15s %15s %15s"
        print_line(templ % (name, "TOTAL", "PER-SEC"))
        print_line(templ % (
            "bytes-sent",
            bytes2human(stats_after.bytes_sent),
            bytes2human(stats_after.bytes_sent - stats_before.bytes_sent) + '/s',
        ))
        print_line(templ % (
            "bytes-recv",
            bytes2human(stats_after.bytes_recv),
            bytes2human(stats_after.bytes_recv - stats_before.bytes_recv) + '/s',
        ))
        print_line(templ % (
            "pkts-sent",
            stats_after.packets_sent,
            stats_after.packets_sent - stats_before.packets_sent,
        ))
        print_line(templ % (
            "pkts-recv",
            stats_after.packets_recv,
            stats_after.packets_recv - stats_before.packets_recv,
        ))
        print_line("")
try:
    interval = 0
    while 1:
        args = poll(interval)
        refresh_window(*args)
        interval = 1
except (KeyboardInterrupt, SystemExit):
    pass

 


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